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Bernardo Mackenna

MA: PUC-Chile, Sociology, 2014

BA: PUC-Chile, Sociology, 2012

Research Interests: Social Stratification, Quantitative Methods, Social Networks, Social Psychology


My research attempts at explaining the ways resources of all kinds are distributed in society through personal and institutional interactions. One of my main concerns is the way that contact between different individuals -in terms of social status, class, race, ethnicity, political views, among others- shape how they perceive, interpret and act upon the world. I rely on various quantitative methods, such as surveys, experiments, and big data, to attempt to identify the causal mechanisms that link social interactions with beliefs and behavior.


Torres, F., Salgado, M., Mackenna, B., & Núñez, J. (2019). Who differentiates by skin color? Status attributions and skin pigmentation in Chile. Frontiers in Psychology.

González, R., Mackenna, B., & Muñoz, E. (2019). Association and Dissociation of the Experience and Perception of Corruption: A Comparative Study in 34 Societies. International Journal of Sociology.

Alcaíno, M., & Mackenna, B. (2017). “Leaving the Faith of Our Fathers”: Intergenerational Persistence and Class Cleavage of Evangelicals in Chile. Review of Religious Research, 59(3): 269-291. DOI: 10.1007/s13644-017-0287-4.

Mackenna, B. (2015). Composition of the Electorate in elections with compulsory and voluntary voting: A quasi-experimental study of voter turnout in Chile (in Spanish). Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública, 5(1): 49-97.

Mackenna, B., & Villalobos, P. (2014). On Consumption, Material Culture and the Digital: An Interview with Daniel Miller. Doble Vínculo N°6(1): 16-28.

Mackenna, B., & Moscoso, M. (2012). Places of Public Intimacy: an ethnographic study of sex-shops in the ‘Los Leones’ sector, Providencia (in Spanish). Hélice, 2: 27-31.



González, R., Muñoz, E., & Mackenna, B. (2019). “How they Love a Friend in Chile when He is Foreign"": Chilean Attitudes towards Inmigration. Migration in Chile: a multidimensional approach. Santiago: FCE Editions

González, R., & Mackenna, B. (2018). “Machistas”, Xenophobes, and Authoritarians? Traditionalism and value controversies in Chile (in Spanish). CEP Survey 2017 Report: The Other Faces of Modernization, (pp.21-45). Santiago: CEP Editions.

González, R., & Mackenna, B. (2017). Intercultural Relations among the Mapuche and the non-Mapuche: inequality, segregation, and autonomy (in Spanish). In I. Aninat et al (Eds.), The Mapuche People in the XXIst century: proposals for a new understanding between cultures in Chile, (pp. 45-78). Santiago: CEP Editions.

González, R., & Mackenna, B. (2017). What Malaise are We Talking About? (in Spanish). In R. González (Eds.), CEP Survey 2016 Report: Malaise in Chile?, (pp. 35-77). Santiago: CEP Editions.

González, R., Mackenna, B., & Rubio, E. (2017). The Tensions between Individualism and Inequality in Current Chile (in Spanish). In R. González (Eds.), CEP Survey 2016 Report: Malaise in Chile?, (pp. 79-107). Santiago: CEP Editions.

Aninat, I., González, R., & Mackenna, B. (2017). The Over-Diagnosed Crisis in the Political System (in Spanish). In R. González (Eds.), CEP Survey 2016 Report: Malaise in Chile?, (pp. 139-192). Santiago: CEP Editions.

Mackenna, B. (2016). Socioeconomic Characteristics of Young Indigenous People in Chile (in Spanish). In INJUV (Eds.) Youths and Young Indigenous in Chile: experiences and tensions in contemporary Chile. Santiago: INJUV Editions.

Olivos, F.,  Mackenna, B., Castillo, J., & Bargsted, M. (2015). Perception of Conflict in the Chilean Society, 2006-2013 (in Spanish). In M. Castillo & Maldonado, C. (Eds.) Inequalities: Tolerance, Legitimation and Conflict in the Latin American Societies (pp. 273-295). Santiago: RIL Editions.

Rojas, H., Mackenna, B. (2014). A Sociological Approach to the Memory of Human Right’s Violations in Chile (In Spanish). In S. Millaleo et al. (Eds.), Sociology of Law in Chile: a tribute to Edmundo Fuenzalida. Santiago: Alberto Hurtado University Press.



González, R., & Mackenna, B. (2017). A Likely-Voter Model for the CEP Survey (in Spanish). CEP’s ‘Reference Point’ Working Paper series N°466.

Mackenna, B. & González, R. (2017). Uncertainty and Economic Perceptions. Working Paper.

Browne, M., Velasco, P., & Mackenna, B. (2015). Chilean’s Subjective Well-Being: the Importance of Our Ties (in Spanish). Happiness Barometer Report. Santiago: DESUC Editions.

González, R., & Mackenna, B. (2015). When Personal Success doesn’t turn into Social Mobility: the Case of ‘Frustrated Achievers’ in Chile (in Spanish). Working Paper.

Bargsted, M., Valenzuela, S., De la Cerda, N., & Mackenna, B. (2014). Voter Turnout in the 2012 Municipal Election: diagnostic and proposal regarding the voluntary voting system (in Spanish). In Center for Public Policy PUC (Eds.) Public Policy Contest 2013: Proposals for Chile (pp. 23-49). Santiago: PUC Editions.

Mackenna, B. (2012). A small-scale democracy: ideology, management, friendship networks, and social capital in elections with a small number of voters (in Spanish). Working paper."

Alárcon, V., Núñez, J., Salgado, M. Mackenna, B. Social profiling and the influence of Ascriptive vs. Achieved characteristics on the perceptions of social status along the life cycle: a factor survey analysis for Chile. (Under Review)

Salgado, M., Mackenna, B., & Núñez, J. Expectations of Trustworthiness Across the Social Status Hierarchy. (In Preparation)

González, R., & Mackenna, B. Social Networks and Inequality between Mapuche and Non-Mapuche: The Effects of Inter-Group Contact. (In Preparation)

2014-2018: Sociological Paradigms (Intro to Social Theory), PUC-Chile
2016-2017: Social Research Methodology, PUC-Chile
2016: Sociology, Adolfo Ibáñez University